Build Your Own Hydroponics System
Welcome to DIY Hydro, we offer information about hydroponics, hydroponic systems and how to build your own homemade hydroponic system. We don’t sell any products. All the resources found on DIY Hydro are free. Whether you are growing tomatoes, strawberries or other consumable plants, the information on this website is collected from real growers and our own experiences over years of hydroponic gardening.
Over the years, DIY Hydro has struggled to find unbiased information on hydroponic gardening techniques and products. We decided it was time to gather all of our information and put it on a website to share with our friends, family and the gardening community. The ultimate goal of DIY Hydro is to help people understand that creating a homemade hydroponic system can be affordable, fun and rewarding experience.
Successfully growing with hydroponics and keeping it affordable can be a daunting task. No one wants to grow $20 tomatoes or $15 green peppers. We want to help you become a hydroponic gardener producing harvests that would cost you a fortune to buy at the grocery store. Learn how to grow with hydroponics more economically with the guides we have created here on this website.
You don’t need an expensive hydroponic system, expensive nutrients, or even expensive grow lights to grow your crops successfully with hydroponics. You can build your own homemade hydroponic system very inexpensively with the right planning and the right tools. You don’t need any grow lights if you can grow outdoors and make use of natural sunlight. It’s easy to build your own hydroponic system. You only need a few things to build your own hydroponic system.
Homemade Hydroponic System Components
Your growth chamber is where your root zone lives, depending on the type of hydroponics system, this can also be your reservoir. The growth chamber provides plant support, and gives roots access to the nutrient solution. Growth chambers protect the root zone from light, heat, and pests. Exposure to light will damage the root zone and increase the temperature in the growth chamber causing the plants stress. The size and shape of your growth chamber depends on the type of hydroponics system you are building and the type of plants you are growing. Larger plants have bigger roots and need larger growth chambers. 5 gallon buckets, PVC fence posts, rubbermaid tubs and many other items can be used as growth chambers.
The reservoir is the container where your nutrient solution is stored. Your nutrient solution is a proper mixture of plant nutrients and water. Depending on the type of hydroponics system, water is pumped from the reservoir to the growth chamber.
Use anything made of plastic that is water proof for your reservoir. Similar to your growth chamber, it needs to be light proof. The size of reservoir depends on your system configuration and handful of other factors – Hydroponics Reservoir Sizing Chart.
Most hydroponics systems will need to move the nutrient solution to the growth chamber. This is done using a submersible pump. View our list of reliable Submersible hydroponics pumps and what size pump you will need.
Using an air pump to aerate your reservoir is optional depending on the type of hydroponics system you are building. In our experience aerating your reservoir keeps your nutrient solution from settling as well as prevents any kind of salt buildups and prevents many future problems.
Alongside the air pump you will also need an air stone or something that will create bubbles. You could of course simple use an air hose, however your garden will benefit from using air stores or something similar.
Grow lights are optional for your homemade hydroponics system. Depending on where you system is being placed, you may need grow lights. If you are growing outdoors with your hydroponics system, there is nothing better than natural sunlight.
The spectrum for Grow lights are different than standard light bulbs. Grow lights emit the proper color spectrum to trigger and maintain photosynthesis. View the full list of our recommended grow light bulbs and grow light fixtures.